Bank Swallow

bank swallows, credit: Jose Sousa CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Threatened Provincially and Nationally


• Small songbird with brown upperparts, white underparts and distinctive dark breast band
• Up to 12 centimetres long, weighing 10 to 18 grams
• Eats insects, primarily when flying


• Found throughout southern Ontario with sparse populations scattered across northern Ontario


• Habitat loss
• Pesticides
• Climate change
• Vehicle collisions


• Provincially protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007
• Federally protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994


Canada’s bank swallow population declined by an estimated 98 percent between 1970 and 2011.

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