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Eastern Meadowlark

Eastern Meadowlark

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Medium-sized migratory songbird with bright yellow throat and belly, black “V” on breast and white flanks with black streaks; brown back with black streaks; light brown and black striped head; pinkish legs • Breeds in moderately tall grasslands, alfalfa fields, weedy borders of croplands, roadsides, orchards, airports and other […]

Chimney Swift

Chimney Swift

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Small, sooty brown bird, 12 to 14 centimetres long with long slender wings and light-coloured throat • Distinguished by acrobatic and erratic flight pattern • Catches its prey (insects) in flight • Mostly found in urban areas where it nests in chimneys and other human-made structures Range • Widely distributed […]

Barn Swallow

Barn Swallow

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Medium-sized songbird with glossy steel-blue back and upper wings, rusty-red forehead and throat, and short bill • Long tail feathers form distinctive, deep fork • Builds cup-shaped mud nests on human-made structures that are re-used from year to year • Eats insects Range • Found throughout southern Ontario and as far […]

Bank Swallow

Bank Swallow

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Small songbird with brown upperparts, white underparts and distinctive dark breast band • Up to 12 centimetres long, weighing 10 to 18 grams • Eats insects, primarily when flying Range • Found throughout southern Ontario with sparse populations scattered across northern Ontario Threats • Habitat loss • Pesticides • […]

American White Pelican

American White Pelican

Threatened Provincially, Not Listed Nationally Description • Very large bird weighing about six kilograms with wingspan up to three metres; white feathers and black wing tips; large orange-yellow bill and pouch; a stout tail; webbed feet • Juvenile birds have greyish feathers • Nests in colonies on isolated islands in freshwater lakes • Forages in […]

Woodland Caribou

Woodland Caribou

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Medium-sized member of deer family with thick coat for warmth and large rounded hooves for digging for food and walking easily on snow • Excellent swimmer with hollow hair for buoyancy • Female caribou, which also have antlers, only birth one calf per year Range • Boreal forest across […]

Wolverine

Wolverine

Threatened Provincially, Special Concern Nationally Description • Largest member of weasel family with large head and large paws with semi-retractable claws • Dark brown fur with pale golden-brown stripes along the sides of body; dark brown face • Unique markings on chest have been used to identify individuals • Mainly scavenges on moose, caribou, beavers, […]

Polar Bear

Polar Bear

Threatened Provincially, Special Concern Nationally Description • Largest terrestrial carnivore in the world • Has water-repellent, translucent hair that appears white, allowing it to blend in with its snowy surroundings; large forepaws make it a strong swimmer Range • Canada is home to two-thirds of the world’s polar bears • In Ontario, found along Hudson […]

Gray Fox

Gray Fox

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Weigh up to 4.2 kilograms, and are approximately one metre long including the tail, which averages 37 centimetres • Grey fur with light cinnamon coloured patches on its body; black tail tip • Shorter legs and smaller snout than red fox Range • Rainy River District into southeastern Manitoba • Southwestern […]

Western Silvery Aster

Western Silvery Aster

Endangered Provincially and Threatened Nationally Description • Perennial wildflower most noticeable in the fall when it flowers • Can grow up to 70 centimetres, with leaves that are covered in fine hairs giving silvery appearance; pink or pale purple flowers that become redder as it ages • Inhabits open bur oak savannahs on shallow soils […]

Pygmy Snaketail

Pygmy Snaketail

Endangered Provincially,  Special Concern Nationally Description • Small dark brown and black dragonfly, with yellow markings on abdomen and bright green markings on thorax • Larva found in large, fast flowing rivers with substrates of sand and gravel • Rarely-seen adult live in forest canopy adjacent to the river where it lived as larva Range […]

Red Knot

Red Knot

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Plump, medium-sized shorebird named for its brick-red face, throat and breast in breeding plumage • Back is speckled grey-brown; straight black beak • Prefers open beaches, mudflats, and coastal lagoons to feed on molluscs, crustaceans and other invertebrates Range • Found on coastal mudflats along the southwest coast of Hudson […]

Piping Plover

Piping Plover

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Small shorebird with stubby orange bill with black tip; black breast band and head band; bright orange legs; white belly; back, wings and tail are the colour of pale sand which blends in with beaches • Nests on dry sandy or gravelly beaches just above the reach of water […]

Loggerhead Shrike

Loggerhead Shrike

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Robin-sized bird with black bill hooked at tip • Medium-grey crown and back; white throat and breast; racoon-like black face mask;  black tail with white outer feathers; black wings with bold white patch that flashes when in flight • Prefers pastures and other grasslands with scattered low trees and […]

Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle

Provincially Endangered Description • One of the largest and most powerful birds of prey, weighing as much as 5.9 kilograms, with wingspan over two metres • Golden-brown feathers on back of neck, head and upper wings; rest of body is dark brown • Nests in remote, undisturbed ledges of cliffs and large trees Range • […]

Northern Myotis

Northern Myotis

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Dull yellow-brown fur with pale grey belly, long rounded ears • Weighs between six and nine grams; about eight centimetres long; wingspan of 25 centimetres • Similar to the little brown myotis, except fleshy portion covering ears is pointed • Hibernates from October to March, mostly in caves or […]

Eastern Cougar

Eastern Cougar

Endangered Provincially Description • Canada’s largest and most powerful wild cat • Short brown, greyish or reddish fur with white belly and chest • Can reach up to two metres in length and weigh over 60 kilograms • Has a long, black-tipped tail, and black markings on muzzle and ears • Lives in large, undisturbed […]

Little Brown Myotis

Little Brown Myotis

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Glossy brown fur • Can be four to five centimetres long,  weighing four to 11 grams, with wingspan of 22 to 27 centimetres • Closely resembles northern myotis but distinguished by long, thin fleshy projection with rounded tip at opening of ears • Hibernates from September / October, until […]

American Badger

American Badger

Endangered Provincially and Nationally Description • Short,  sturdy member of the weasel family; grey,  with dark legs; bold black and white stripes on head and face • Long claws and a streamlined skull make badgers excellent diggers • Inhabits tallgrass prairie, sand barrens and farmland • Feeds on groundhogs, rabbits and small rodents • Nocturnal […]

Bobolink

Bobolink

Threatened Provincially and Nationally Description • Medium-sized songbird inhabiting grasslands, pastures and hayfields • In summer, male is black with a white back and yellow collar; female is tan colour with black stripes • Named for its bubbling musical song • Builds small nest on the ground in dense grasses; both parents tend young, sometimes […]