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Active hunters

Active hunters

Wolf spiders Family Lycosidae Thin-legged wolf spiders (Pardosa spp.)     Tigrosa helluo     Jumping spiders Family Salticidae Bold jumper (Phidippus audax)     Tan or familiar jumper (Platycryptus undatus)     Zebra jumper (Salticus scenicus)     Nursery web weavers Family Pisauridae Brownish-grey fishing spider (Dolomedes tenebrosus)     Striped fishing spider  (Dolomedes […]

Web Spinners

Web Spinners

Orb weavers Family Araneidae   Yellow garden spider (Argiope aurantia)     Banded garden spider (Argiope trifasciata)     Cross orbweaver (Araneus diadematus)     Furrow orbweaver (Larinioides cornutus)     Bridge orbweaver (Larinioides sclopetarius)     Shamrock orbweaver (Araneus trifolium)     Starbellied orbweaver (Acanthepeira stellata)     Conical trashline orbweaver (Cyclosa conica)   […]

Shamrock orbweaver

Shamrock orbweaver

Description: A large orbweaver. Female 9 – 20 millimetres, male 5 – 8 millimetres. The cephalothorax is pale with one median and two lateral broad dark lines. The legs are strongly banded dark and pale. The abdomen base colour varies, often cream-coloured but also red, yellow and green are possible. The abdomen has a profusion […]

Furrow orbweaver

Furrow orbweaver

Description: A medium-sized orbweaver. Females range from 6.5 – 14 millimetres, males from 5 – 9 millimetres. The cephalothorax is shiny brown. The abdomen is pale, with a dark “folium” mark on back that appears faded towards the middle and darkest at its edges. The legs are banded tan and brown. Habitat: Very common beside […]

Cross orbweaver

Cross orbweaver

Description: This is a large orb weaver. The female ranges from 7 – 20 millimetres; the male from 6 – 13 millimetres. The abdomen’s base colour varies from dark brown to orange and reddish. The dorsal abdomen shows white spots that form the shape of a cross. There is a darker patch on the posterior […]

Banded garden spider

Banded garden spider

Description: This is a large orb weaver. Females are 15 – 25 millimetres; males are 4 – 5.5 millimetres. The celphalothorax is silver, while the abdomen is crossed with silver, black and yellow bands. The legs are pale yellowish-orange banded with black. Habitat: Meadows, shrubby areas, yards and gardens               […]

Yellow garden spider

Yellow garden spider

Description: This is one of Ontario’s largest orb weavers. The body length of females (cephalothorax and abdomen) ranges from 19 – 28 millimetres; males are much smaller, at five to nine millimetres. Silver hairs adorn the upper half of the cephalothorax, while the black, egg-shaped abdomen has striking yellow markings. The legs are pale at […]

Fish – Northern Species At Risk

Fish – Northern Species At Risk

Deepwater Sculpin (Myoxocephalus thompsonii)     Kiyi (Coregonus kiyi kiyi)     Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens)     Paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)     Northern Brook Lamprey (Ichthyomyzon fossor)     Short-jaw Cisco (Coregonus zenithicus)      

Birds – Northern Species At Risk

Birds – Northern Species At Risk

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)     Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)     Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)     Barn Swallow (Riparia riparia)     Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)     Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorous)     Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)     Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)     Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)     Eastern […]

Mammals – Northern Species At Risk

Mammals – Northern Species At Risk

American Badger (Taxidea taxus jacksoni)     Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas)        Eastern Cougar (Mountain Lion) (Puma concolor)       Eastern Wolf (Canis lupus lycaon)       Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)       Little Brown Myotis (Myotis lucifugus)       Northern Myotis (Myotis septentrionalis)         Polar Bear […]

Paddlefish

Paddlefish

Extirpated Provincially and Nationally Description • One of the largest freshwater fish in North America and one of the most prehistoric fishes in Ontario, with records dating back 70-75 million years • Thick, robust filter feeder with a long, paddle-like snout, and scale-less skin • Closely related to sturgeons and sharks with skeleton that is […]

Greater Prairie-chicken

Greater Prairie-chicken

Extirpated Provincially and Nationally Description • Large brown grouse with light and dark barring; short rounded tail • Male has yellow eye combs • During courtship dance male erects its wings and tail feathers, and produces a loud booming sound from orange air sacs on its neck • Non-migratory bird that requires large undisturbed areas […]

Eskimo Curlew

Eskimo Curlew

Extirpated Provincially, Endangered Nationally Description • Medium-sized, brownish shorebird; upper parts are sooty black to greyish-brown; underparts cinnamon; primary wing feathers are dark and unbarred; faint stripe above the eye • Long, slender, slightly down-curved bill Range • May be extinct (no fully substantiated records since 1963, when a single bird was collected in Barbados) […]

Monarch Butterfly

Monarch Butterfly

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Large orange and black butterfly with small white spots • Caterpillar black, white and yellow striped; feeds on milkweed plants • Jade-coloured chrysalis with gold spots • Migrates to Oyamel fir forest of Mexico in winter Range • Eastern population is widespread throughout Ontario Threats • Habitat loss […]

Northern Brook Lamprey

Northern Brook Lamprey

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Small (up to 16 centimetres), nonparasitic lamprey that feeds on diatoms and protozoans • Dark greyish-brown back and sides; pale grey or silvery white belly; jawless mouth with teeth arranged in a circle; seven pairs of gill openings • Larva burrows in soft mud and spends about six […]

Kiyi

Kiyi

Upper Great Lakes Population: Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Silvery sides with pink or purple iridescence; dark back; white underside • Large eyes; long paired fins; extending lower jaw Range • Historically found in all the Great Lakes except Lake Erie • Now occurs only in Lake Superior (extirpated from Lake Huron in […]

Deepwater Sculpin

Deepwater Sculpin

Great Lakes – Western St. Lawrence Populations: Special Concern Nationally Description • Flat, long body, four to 10 centimetres long; lacks true scales • Has separated dorsal fins and large pectoral fins with three bands • Eyes located at top of head; large mouth with small teeth • Dark grey to brown in colour with dark […]

Snapping Turtle

Snapping Turtle

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Canada’s largest freshwater turtle, reaching 20-26 centimetres and weighing almost 15 kilograms • Can live well over 100 years • Large black, olive or brown shells typically covered in algae • Tail can be longer than body, with triangular crests along its length • Prefers slow-moving, shallow waters Range […]

Northern Map Turtle

Northern Map Turtle

Special Concern Provincially Description • Yellow, tan or orange lines on upper shell or carapace resemble contour lines on a map and are surrounded by dark borders • Rest of the carapace olive green or greyish brown • Lower shell or plastron light yellow to cream colour; yellow spot behind the eyes; both legs have […]

Eastern Milksnake

Eastern Milksnake

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Can be over one metre in length • Distinctive blotches that are red with black borders on dorsal; black and white checkerboard pattern on bellies • Not venomous Range • Widespread throughout southern Ontario • Can be found as far north as Lake Nipissing and Sault Ste. Marie […]

Yellow Rail

Yellow Rail

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Small quail-like marsh bird with short bill and tail • Chest and face are buff-yellow; dark crown and dark stripe through its eyes; distinctive yellow and black streaks on back; white wing patch visible in flight • Seldom seen, as it lives deep in the reeds and marshes […]

Wood Thrush

Wood Thrush

Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally Description • Medium-sized song bird that can be 20 centimetres long • Rusty-brown upper parts and white underparts with large black sports on the breast and sides • Eats insects and plant materials • Found in large mature deciduous and mixed forests Range • Found all across southern Ontario and […]

Short-eared Owl

Short-eared Owl

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Medium-sized owl with large round head; small tufts of feathers that look like ears; fairly long wings; short tail • Well camouflaged: brown back and creamy-buff chest with brown streaks • Mostly seen in flight during dawn and dusk • Lives in open areas such as grasslands, marshes and […]

Rusty Blackbird

Rusty Blackbird

Special Concern Nationally Description • Medium-sized bird with pale yellow eyes; slightly curved black bill • During breeding season, male’s plumage turns black with green iridescence on body and violet iridescence on neck and head; female’s plumage is greyish brown with no iridescence • In autumn, plumage of both sexes turns rusty hue, hence the name Range […]

Red-necked Phalarope

Red-necked Phalarope

Special Concern Nationally Description • Up to 18 centimetres long, weighing up to 48 grams with wingspan of 31 to 34 centimetres • Lobed toes; straight, fine bill • Females are mostly dark grey with a chestnut neck and upper breast, black face with a white throat • Males have duller colouring than females • Has […]

Peregrine Falcon

Peregrine Falcon

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Dives at speeds of up to 300 kilometres per hour, literally knocking its prey (birds) out of the air • Distinctive black facial mask that resembles a helmet; black “moustache;” • Bright yellow legs and feet; slate blue-grey back; whitish underparts with fine, dark barring on thighs and […]

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally Description • Medium-sized songbird with deep brownish olive-grey feathers along sides and back • Perches conspicuously at top of tall trees • Has a loud, three note whistle that sounds like “quick, three beers” Range • Breeds in every province and territory except Nunavut • In Ontario, widely distributed throughout […]

Horned Grebe

Horned Grebe

Special Concern Provincially and Nationally Description • Small duck-like waterbird with a short, pointed bill; black head with distinctive patch of golden yellow feathers behind its eye called “horns”; front of neck and upper breast are reddish • Males and females look similar, although breeding males are typically brighter than females • Nests near small […]

Golden-winged Warbler

Golden-winged Warbler

Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally Description • Small grey songbird with white undersides, and distinctive yellow wing patches and forehead; male has black throat and black patch behind its eyes; female has same markings in grey • Builds nest on the ground, where female lays two to six eggs • Eats insects Range • Found […]

Eastern Wood-pewee

Eastern Wood-pewee

Special Concern Nationally Description • Small forest bird, up to 15 centimetres long • Greyish-olive upper parts; pale on under parts; pale wing bars • Distinctive three-part song: “pee-ah-wee” • Eats insects Range • In Canada, ranges from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia • Mostly found in southern and central Ontario, and as far north as […]

Common Nighthawk

Common Nighthawk

Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally Description • Medium-sized bird, active at night or at twilight • Well camouflaged; long wings with wide white stripe that can be seen when flying; short legs; short bill and wide mouth to catch insects on the wing • Lays eggs on bare ground • Inhabits wide variety of habitats with […]