eastern wood-pewee, Credit: Kelly Colgan-Azar CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Special Concern Nationally


• Small forest bird, up to 15 centimetres long
• Greyish-olive upper parts; pale on under parts; pale wing bars
• Distinctive three-part song: “pee-ah-wee”
• Eats insects


• In Canada, ranges from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia
• Mostly found in southern and central Ontario, and as far north as Red Lake, Lake Nipigon and Timmins


• Habitat loss and degradation
• Decline in insect prey


• Federally protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994
• Not protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007 or under the Species at Risk Act, 2002


From 1970 to 2011, the Breeding Bird Survey showed a decline of over 70 percent for eastern wood-pewee in Canada, with a 25 percent decline between 2001 and 2011.

eastern wood-pewee, Credit: Glen Peterson CC BY-NC 2.0