jack pine credit: AllieFK CC BY-SA 2.0


  • Short needles in clusters of two that are not twisted together
  • Cones closed and tight to the branches


  • Throughout boreal forest, but also in some open areas

Harvesting Time

  • Year-round

Uses and Related Information

  • Needles can be used to prepare tea high in vitamin C (honey or cinnamon may be added to mask the bitter taste)
  • Raw pitch can be chewed to treat sore throats
  • Sap can be warmed and applied externally as a salve to relieve joint and muscle pain, swelling, bites, burns and irritations


Do not eat this plant if you are pregnant (can cause miscarriage)