red-necked phalarope, credit: Mark Peck CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Special Concern Nationally


• Up to 18 centimetres long, weighing up to 48 grams with wingspan of
31 to 34 centimetres
• Lobed toes; straight, fine bill
• Females are mostly dark grey with a chestnut neck and upper breast, black face with a white throat
• Males have duller colouring than females
• Has a distinctive white wing stripe which helps distinguish this species from others


• Across Canada, all provinces and territories
• In Ontario, found in tundra ranges adjacent to Hudson Bay and James Bay


• Habitat loss
• Pollution


• Not protected under the Species at Risk Act, 2002


The red-necked phalarope has declined over the last 40 years in an important staging area, though overall population trends are unknown.