small-flowered lipcarpha, credit: Tab Tannery CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Threatened Provincially, Endangered Nationally


• Tiny annual sedge that grows in dense clumps
• Curved stems with narrow leaves; small flowers tightly clustered in dense oval spikes near top of stem; tiny seeds are brown with bluish highlights


• Found in the Lake of the Woods and Rainy Lake areas


• Habitat loss and degradation
• Pollution
• Erosion
• Human disturbance (recreational vehicles)
• Invasive plants


• Provincially protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007
• Federally protected under the Species at Risk Act, 2002


Small-flowered lipocarpha surveys tallied approximately 1,800 on Sable Island in Lake of the Woods and about 75 at Pound Net Bay on Rainy Lake.