wood thrush, credit: Billtacular

Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally


• Medium-sized song bird that can be 20 centimetres long
• Rusty-brown upper parts and white underparts with large black sports on the breast and sides
• Eats insects and plant materials
• Found in large mature deciduous and mixed forests


• Found all across southern Ontario and scattered through northern Ontario
• There is a small population near Lake of the Woods in northwestern Ontario


• Loss of habitat
• Parasites


• Federally protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994
• Not protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007 or under the Species at Risk Act, 2002


Long-term trends (1970 and 2011) show a decline of 83 percent, with a decline of 38 percent between 2001 and 2011.