woodland caribouThreatened Provincially and Nationally


• Medium-sized member of deer family with thick coat for warmth and large rounded hooves for digging for food and walking easily on snow
• Excellent swimmer with hollow hair for buoyancy
• Female caribou, which also have antlers, only birth one calf per year


• Boreal forest across North America
• Two populations in Ontario (the forest-dwelling woodland caribou and the forest-tundra woodland caribou)


• Habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation
• Predation and disease
• Climate change


• Provincially protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007
• Federally protected under the Species at Risk Act, 2002