Northern Forest Foraging Guide banner, credit: Jason Hollinger CC BY 2.0, © Holm, ©, Malcolm Manners CC BY 2.0, ©, ©, ©’s forests, meadows and waters provide an incredible range of nutritious and delicious edible wild plants. Ontario Nature has prepared this foraging guide as an introduction to this local resource, and to encourage people to get outside and experience the wonders the natural world provides.

The trees, shrubs, herbaceous plants and fungi listed in this guide are a sample of some of the abundant local species that can be harvested sustainably, though there are many other wild edibles to explore. The guide is intended to be a starting point for people interested in foraging for edible wild plants and should not be considered to be a definitive resource for their identification and use.

Basic Rules for Harvesting Edible Wild Plants
Sustainable Harvesting
Forest Foraging Guide Resources

Trees | Shrubs | Herbaceous Plants | Fungi


Cedar ©
(Thuja spp.)



jack pine by AllieKF CC BY-SA 2.0Jack Pine
(Pinus banksiana)



paper birch tree ©iStockphoto_com/nikamata

Paper Birch
(Betula papyrifera)




(Vaccinium oxycoccos and macrocarpon)



Common Red Raspberry
(Rubus idaeus)



northern_bush_honeysuckle_attribute_Homer_Edward_Price_CC_BY_2_thumbnailNorthern Bush-Honeysuckle
(Diervilla lonicera)



Prickly rose, credit: Malcolm Manners CC BY 2.0Prickly Rose
(Rosa acicularis)



willow, credit: © collection/AlinaMDWillow
(Salix spp.)

Herbaceous Plants

Blue_Bead_Lily_Charles de Milles-Isles_CC_BY_Flickr_2_thumbnailBluebead Lily
(Clintonia borealis)



(Arctium spp.)



(Typha spp.)



Dandelion_Flower_Closeup_Ontario_Nature_thumbnailCommon Dandelion
(Taraxacum officinale)



Common Evening-Primrose
(Oenothera biennis)



Mullein_Stalk_3_Mallory Vanier_thumbnailCommon Mullein
(Verbascum thapsus)



Common Plantain
(Plantago major)



Common Yarrow
(Achillea millefolium)



Field Horsetail
(Equisetum arvense)



(Solidago spp.)



Lambs_Quarters_iStockphoto_com_MIMOHE_44052526_thumbnailLamb’s Quarters
(Chenopodium album)



Ostrich Fern
(Matteuccia struthiopteris)



Pearly Everlasting
(Anaphalis margaritacea)



Red Clover
(Trifolium pratense)



Stinging Nettle
(Urtica dioica)



Wild Mint
(Mentha spp.)



Wild Sarsaparilla
(Aralia nudicaulis)



Woodland Strawberry
(Fragaria vesca)


(Cantharellus cibarius)



Lobster Mushroom
(Hypomyces lactifluorum)



(Morchella spp.)